Month: March 2018

Child Adoption Development Of Adoptees

Child Adoption

(Development Of Adoptees)

 The researchers have found that there might be high risks of psychological developments and social relationships for the adopted ones. But, all these flaws are due to the failure of methods in breeding of adoptees. The recent studies are supporting and helping in guiding more valuable information regarding the similarities and dissimilarities of thoughts and lifestyles of adoptees. It is found that adoptees, in few respects, develop in a different way of breading as compared to others. Here in this article we are going to discuss the development of adoptees in few phases of life :

  • Identity

The sense of identification can be defined in a number of ways. Generally, construction of identity is a continuous process for development of identifying one’s self from others. According to researchers the stage of puberty is the time when someone identifies what their actual identity is.

That identity lacks stability in the starting years but it becomes more and more stable as time passes. It has been found typically that there are a number of identities which someone can associated with themselves. Some common forms of identities are gender, status, racial and religious class etc. In case of international adoptees, main problem is found during racial and national identification development. Because of this more strength and functionality of family members support plays a vital role in construction of identification.

  • Influences

Indeed family support plays a vital role in formation of identity. This fact doesn’t implies only in childhood but also during development of adolescence identity. Gender, religious and ethnic identity still forms during the phase of adolescence and family plays a key and major role in development of this identity. An honest, stable, supportive and loving family is a family which provides a vast area for every member to feel safe in exploring what their identity is as well as developing a sound identity.

  • Effects On Adoptees

Adopting children provides a number of opportunities to them that they might never be able to receive. Some examples of these opportunities are getting a lovely environment, parents who are their to overcome their financial needs as well as providing them facilities to access best education and a lot more. Apart from all these negative factors there are also some negative aspects of adoption which effects the adoptees mentally as well as emotionally.

According to researchers of Princeton University, adoptees …

Modern Era Child Adoption

Child Adoption

(Modern Era)

 The present stage of evolutions in adoption process begins from United States. As a result of rapid immigration and American Civil War, overcrowding of orphanages and disowned happened in the mid nineteenth-century. Charles Loring Brace, a protestant minister considered the disowned children, specially the Catholics, to be the most dangerous aspect of city, challenging the order of city.

 The Orphan Train Movement

The solutions over this problem was given in The Best Method Of Disposing Of Our Pauper And Vagrant Children (1859) which was the reason of starting Orphan Train movement. The working of the Orphan’s Train was to ship an estimated quantity of 200,000 children from Urban center’s of east, to the rural regions of nation. The children were kept as labourers rather than adopted by the families who brought them in. As time passes, some of the children were breaded as the members of family while others were adopted in order to get farm labourers and servants. These large amount of displacements which were found to be the largest amount of children migration in history, and the wrong circumstances which happened after this migration resulted in the formation of new agencies and laws promoting child adoption. Minnesota’s adoption law of 1917 is the most important aspect of this period according to which proper investigation over records was compulsory before adoption.

The Progressive Movement

The Progressive movement was also aroused in the same year which swept the whole United states with the major goal of giving end to the current orphanage systems. In result of all these efforts the First White House Conference for the purpose of Care of Dependent Children was held by the President of that time Theodore Roosevelt during 1909, in which the nuclear family namely “the highest and finest product of civilization” won declaration as the best source to work as a primary caretaker for those who have been abandoned or orphaned.

In this scenario the Anti-institutional movements also raised. In 1923, only two percent of children living without care of their parents were in adoptive homes, and after almost 40 years or less one-third of the children were found in adoptive homes.

Adoption Obstacles

Also, obstacles were placed in the growth of adoption procedures after the population of eugenic ideas in America. The writing of Henry H Goddard were also against the adoption of children from unknown origins.

Today’s Innovation

Middle Ages child adoption

The process of adopting someone else’s child and owning all the rights and responsibilities of that child is known as child adoption. As time passes the manner of adopting infants or young ones is having some alterations. Here, we are going to discuss the procedure of adoption adopted during ear of middle ages to modern ages :

Middle Ages To Modern Ages

The Germanic, Celtic and Slavic culture’s nobility which has dominated the Europe after the Roman Empire declination has condemned the practice of adoption. In the medieval, bloodlines was at its peak, and a severe contrast to Roman traditions was fully practiced. The European laws represents their opposition against adoption. For example, The English Common Law did not allow the process of adoption since it has passed the rules of inheritance. The Napoleonic Code of France made adoption process more difficult by making requirement of adopter to be at an age of 50 years, also the adopter must be 15 years older than the adopted person. After this, some adoptions took place, but they became informal basing on ad hoc contracts. Like, in year 737, town of Lucca passed a charter by which three adoptees were hired to an estate. All the agreements for adoption stressed on the responsibilities of the adopted person rather than the adopter, paying focus on the contract, the adoptive father will be cared by the adopted one in his old age; the idea which was similar with the conceptions of adoption under Roman law.

European Culture Makeover

Significant innovations were found in adoption procedures during the European’s cultural makeover. After the fall of Empire the level of abandonment increased and many infants were found on the doorsteps of Church. After many circumstances,  there were innovations found in Church, due to which the abandoned children did not have any legal, moral or social disadvantages. As an outcome, a huge amount of Europe’s disowned and orphaned children became alumni of Church, which afterwards took the role of adopters. As time passes and idea of institutional care gained acceptance, rules were passed formally about how to place children in families. The boys could become apprenticed to an artisan and the girls might get married under the authority of that institution. The institutions adopted children, which was a mechanism to obtain labour at cheap cost, demonstrating the fact that when the adopted child dies the families have to …

Ancient Child Adoption

Child adoption is a procedure where a person is given the responsibility of parenting someone’s child, by doing so the person who is adopting child is given all the responsibilities and filiation of that child permanently from the biological or legal parents. Legally,adoption can be done by an individual or couple but the child who is being adopted has to be 14 years younger and the adopting parents should not be disable in any way.

Adoption is not like providing guardianship or shelter by other systems to the young ones, it changes the status and social recognition of the child legally as well as religiously. In modern society, process of adoption is done under the rules and regulations instead of the historical process of adoption where the laws and regulations were enacted by societies. Here in this article we are going to shortly discuss history of this child adoption process:

Ancient Adoption

Adoption in modern world especially in United States is formed according to all the practices appeared child adoption in history. For example, The Code Of Hammurabi, give details about the rights of adopters and all the responsibilities which are going to be implied on the adopted child. Codex Justinianus documentaries shows all the practices of adoption in ancient Romes.

The difference between the modern and ancient adoption process is that ancients adoption affects the political and economic interests of the adopters which provides them legally the right of strengthening the political knots between wealthy families and adopted kids. The use of adoption in high or noble class families is documented well, a number of Rome emperors were adopted sons of Romes.


Adoption of infants or newly born is found rarely during Antiquity. Disowned children were often adopted for the purpose of slavery. According to legal records of Roman the adopted child was taken and raised by families as their son and daughter. And those adoptees who were not adopted under light of the Roman law, known commonly as alumni, were beaded in a system similar to guardianship, being considered as the property of father who disowned them.

India And China Civilizations

Other ancient civilizations, specially China and India, have practices some forms of adoption as well. The goal of practicing this adoption process was to make sure that the cultural and religious values are being practiced continuously in similarity to the Western Ideas of extending family. …