Modern Era Child Adoption

Child Adoption

(Modern Era)

 The present stage of evolutions in adoption process begins from United States. As a result of rapid immigration and American Civil War, overcrowding of orphanages and disowned happened in the mid nineteenth-century. Charles Loring Brace, a protestant minister considered the disowned children, specially the Catholics, to be the most dangerous aspect of city, challenging the order of city.

 The Orphan Train Movement

The solutions over this problem was given in The Best Method Of Disposing Of Our Pauper And Vagrant Children (1859) which was the reason of starting Orphan Train movement. The working of the Orphan’s Train was to ship an estimated quantity of 200,000 children from Urban center’s of east, to the rural regions of nation. The children were kept as labourers rather than adopted by the families who brought them in. As time passes, some of the children were breaded as the members of family while others were adopted in order to get farm labourers and servants. These large amount of displacements which were found to be the largest amount of children migration in history, and the wrong circumstances which happened after this migration resulted in the formation of new agencies and laws promoting child adoption. Minnesota’s adoption law of 1917 is the most important aspect of this period according to which proper investigation over records was compulsory before adoption.

The Progressive Movement

The Progressive movement was also aroused in the same year which swept the whole United states with the major goal of giving end to the current orphanage systems. In result of all these efforts the First White House Conference for the purpose of Care of Dependent Children was held by the President of that time Theodore Roosevelt during 1909, in which the nuclear family namely “the highest and finest product of civilization” won declaration as the best source to work as a primary caretaker for those who have been abandoned or orphaned.

In this scenario the Anti-institutional movements also raised. In 1923, only two percent of children living without care of their parents were in adoptive homes, and after almost 40 years or less one-third of the children were found in adoptive homes.

Adoption Obstacles

Also, obstacles were placed in the growth of adoption procedures after the population of eugenic ideas in America. The writing of Henry H Goddard were also against the adoption of children from unknown origins.

Today’s Innovation

Apart from the fact that adoption is today practiced globally throughout the world, United States has got the highest rates of adoptions per births of 100 lives. The American model of adopting child has extended eventually all over the world. The first law regarding the adoption of child was established in the year 1926, at England and Wales. The Netherlands further passed their law in the year 1956. Sweden in 1959, made the adopted child full members of their families. The laws were acted in 1977 in West Germany. Also, orphanage systems were launched in Asia as well, following the Western Ideas following the colonial rule and military occupation.

This is the short review over how the ways and procedures of adoption have changed over period of time.



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